In reading comprehension, not all information is explicitly stated. Sometimes, you need to make inferences or deductions to fully understand a text.
Reading between the lines involves understanding the implicit or suggested meanings in a text. This requires you to make connections between what you’re reading and what you already know.
For example, if a character is described as having a “heavy heart,” this suggests that they’re feeling sad or upset.
When making inferences or deductions, it’s important to base them on evidence from the text. Consider this example:
From this text, we can infer that Emma is feeling nervous. The evidence for this inference is in the details: her eyes darting around, her wringing hands and her deep breath. These actions suggest nervousness, even though the text doesn’t explicitly state that Emma is nervous.
Based on the information in a text, you can make predictions or hypotheses about what might happen next, or what the author might reveal later.
For example, if a story begins with a character finding a mysterious map, you might predict that a treasure hunt will follow.
Through inference, you can also interpret an author’s possible intentions or viewpoints.
For example, if an author frequently writes about the dangers of climate change, you might infer that they’re concerned about the environment and want to raise awareness about this issue.
In an exam, you’ll often need to make inferences or deductions and support them with evidence from the text. These tips may help you: