Developing Arguments and Presenting Views

Mastering the art of presenting clear, logical arguments and viewpoints will not only help in your academic success but will also equips you for future professional endeavours. Let’s look at some key strategies to help you develop this skill.

Crafting a Clear, Logical Argument

The foundation of a compelling argument is clarity and logic. Start by stating your main point or thesis clearly. This is the central idea you want your audience to understand and accept.

Each subsequent point should logically support or provide evidence for this main idea. Avoid straying from your main point, as this can confuse your audience and weaken your argument.

Providing Evidence and Reasoning

Every point you make should be backed up by evidence or reasoning. This could be facts, statistics, examples, or logical reasoning that supports your point.

Remember, it’s not enough to simply state your opinion; you must convince your audience that your viewpoint is valid. Always explain how your evidence supports your point, making the connection clear for your audience.

Using Rhetorical Devices

Rhetorical devices are tools that can make your argument more persuasive. These include:

DeviceBenefit Example
AnalogyHelps your audience understand complex points by comparing them to something familiar. “Understanding a topic is like unlocking a door—the key is asking the right questions.”
Rhetorical QuestionEngages your audience and makes them think.“Is it not our responsibility to protect the environment for future generations?”
RepetitionEmphasises a point, making it more memorable. “We must study, we must learn, we must succeed.”
TriplingEmphasises an argument and makes it more memorable.“This plan will save time, save resources, and most importantly, save lives.”

Structuring Your Argument

The structure of your argument is important for its effectiveness. This is a simple structure you can follow:

  • Introduction – State your main point or thesis.
  • Body – Present your supporting points one by one. Start with your strongest point or the one that’s easiest to understand. Each point should be a separate section of your presentation, and each should support your main point.
  • Conclusion – Summarise your main point and supporting points. This is your last chance to convince your audience, so make it powerful.