Grammatical rules are guidelines in a language that determine how words and phrases can be combined to form sentences. They dictate the structure of sentences, including word order, verb forms, punctuation use and the agreement between subjects and verbs.
Subject-verb agreement ensures that the verb in a sentence agrees with the subject in terms of number and person. Here’s what you need to know:
Using the appropriate tense helps to convey actions accurately in relation to time.
Use the present tense to describe general truths, habitual actions or ongoing situations. For example, “Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.”
Use the past tense to talk about completed actions or events that happened in the past. For example, “They visited the museum yesterday.”
Use the future tense to discuss actions that will happen in the future. For example, “I will meet you tomorrow.”
When making predictions or talking about future plans, the future tense is appropriate. For example, “He will become a doctor someday.”
Pronouns replace nouns and help avoid repetition. However, it’s important to use pronouns correctly and to use clear references. Here’s what you need to know:
A pronoun must agree in number and gender with its antecedent (the noun it refers to). Use singular pronouns for singular antecedents and plural pronouns for plural.
For example, “Lisa brought her book.” “The students brought their books.”
Avoid unclear pronoun references by ensuring that it is clear which noun the pronoun refers to. For example, “John told Mark that he passed the test.” (Unclear)
Clarify by using the noun instead of the pronoun or by rephrasing the sentence. For example, “John told Mark that Mark passed the test.”