Argumentative and Persuasive Writing

Presenting a Clear Argument

The first step in argumentative or persuasive writing is to have a clear argument or point of view. This should be a statement that you believe to be true and that you will defend throughout your piece. Make sure your argument is clear and concise. It should be easily understood by anyone reading your piece.

Persuasive Techniques

There are several techniques you can use to make your argument more persuasive. These include:

  • Rhetorical Questions – These are questions that don’t require an answer. They’re used to make the reader think and to emphasise a point. For example, “Do we really want to live in a world where injustice is ignored?”
  • Emotive Language – This is language that appeals to the reader’s emotions. It can make your argument more compelling and engaging. For example, “The devastating impact of climate change cannot be ignored.”
  • Repetition – Repeating key points can help to reinforce your argument and make it more memorable.

Use a variety of persuasive techniques to keep your writing engaging and to strengthen your argument.

Structuring Your Argument

A strong argumentative essay is structured in a clear and logical way to present arguments effectively. Here’s a typical structure:

Introduction: This is where you introduce the topic to the reader, providing necessary background information and context. The introduction should end with the thesis statement, which is a clear, concise statement of your main argument.

Thesis Statement: This is a one or two-sentence summary of the main point or claim of the essay. It should be clear, concise and debatable, providing a roadmap for the arguments you’ll make in the rest of the essay.

Body Paragraphs: The body of the essay is where you present your arguments. Each paragraph should focus on one main point, which supports your thesis statement. Start each paragraph with a topic sentence, then provide evidence to support your point, such as facts, statistics or quotes from experts. Explain how the evidence supports your point, and how this point supports your thesis statement.

Counterargument: In one or more paragraphs, consider and refute opposing viewpoints. Present the counterargument fairly and objectively, then use evidence and reasoning to show why your position is more persuasive.

Conclusion: In the conclusion, restate your thesis statement in a new way, summarise the main points you’ve made, and explain the overall significance of your argument. You might also call the reader to action or suggest further research.

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