The Living World
21 Topics | 21 Quizzes

Global Overview of Resource Distribution

Everything in our global environment that can fulfil a human need is a resource. Some resources are essential for our survival, while others serve to satisfy non-urgent needs. We categorise these as:

  • Essential Resources: Resources important for our survival, such as food, water and air.
  • Non-Essential Resources: Resources that are not necessary for our survival but improve our standard of living, such as luxury goods, including high-end electronics, designer clothing and recreational vehicles.

Resources can also be categorised in terms of their availability, being either renewable or non-renewable.

  • Renewable Resources: Resources that can replenish to replace the portion of the resource that has been consumed or used, such as wood (from trees), water and food.
  • Non-Renewable Resources: Resources that cannot be readily replaced by natural means at a pace that matches consumption, such as fossil fuels and metal ores.

Resources are not distributed evenly, with some regions having greater access to certain resources while others struggle. Societies across the globe need access to water, food and energy to function as a modern society, but these three basic resources are not always available.

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