There are three primary magnetic elements, which are all transition metals. These include:
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon. As steel is mostly made of iron, it is magnetic.
Magnets have two magnetic poles:
1. north pole – north seeking pole
2. south pole – south seeking pole
Here we have a north pole and a south pole:
Keep in mind that the north pole is typically represented by ‘N’ and the south pole by ‘S’.
When you bring magnets close to each other, they can either attract or repel, resulting in two forces: attraction and repulsion.
Consider a north pole and a south pole. As opposite poles attract, they will move towards each other.
Consider two north poles. Since like poles repel, these magnets will push away from each other. The same occurs with two south poles; they also repel each other.