The ratio of the voltage across the primary coil and the voltage across the secondary coil is equal to the ratio of the number of turns on the primary coil and the turns on the secondary coils.
This can be represented in the equation:
Vp = Potential difference (voltage) across the primary coil in volts (V)
Vs = Potential difference (voltage) across the primary coil in volts (V)
np = Number of turns on the primary coil
ns = Number of turns on the secondary coil
A transformer has 40 turns on its primary coil and 800 turns on its secondary coil. The input potential difference across the primary coil is 300 V. Calculate the potential difference obtained from the secondary coil.
Step1: List the known quantities
Number of turns on the primary coil (np) = 40
Number of turns on the secondary coil (ns) = 800
Potential difference (voltage) across the primary coil (Vp) = 300 V
Step2: Write down the equation
Step3: Rearrange the equation to find
Step4: Substitute the values into the equation
So, the voltage from the secondary coil = 6,000 V
Transformer Efficiency and Power
To calculate electrical power, we use the equation:
P = Power in watts (W)
V = Potential difference in volts (V)
I = Current in amperes (A)
If a transformer is 100% efficient, then the input power is equal to the output power.