A stimulant is a type of drug that affects the central nervous system. It speeds up the messages between the brain and the body. This can lead to an increase in alertness, energy, and focus.
However, stimulant drugs can also have negative side effects. These may include increased heart rate and blood pressure, insomnia, and irritability. Long-term use of stimulants can lead to physical and psychological problems, including cardiovascular issues, sleep disturbances, and mood disorders.
Some examples of legal stimulants include:
Nicotine, which is in tobacco products
Caffeine, which is in coffee and certain soft drinks
Some examples of illegal stimulants include:
Cocaine is a powerful stimulant drug that comes from the leaves of the coca plant. People often snort or inject it, which can lead to addiction, cardiovascular problems and mental health issues.
Ecstasy is a stimulant drug that is often taken in pill form, but it can also be inhaled or injected. Using ecstasy can increase energy, and alter perception and feelings of empathy. However, illegal stimulants can also have very harmful side effects, such as dehydration, high body temperature and the risk of seizures.