A balanced diet is an important part of maintaining overall health and well-being. It involves consuming a variety of different types of nutrients and the right amounts, to support the body’s needs.
All organisms need nutrients to stay alive and healthy. There are many different types of nutrients, but they all fall into seven main categories:
Although fibre cannot be absorbed by the body, it is an important part of a healthy diet. Fibre passes through the digestive system largely intact, providing bulk and helping to move waste through the intestines.
We can find fibre in plant-based foods such as fruits, vegetables, grains and legumes.
A balanced diet is essential for optimal health and involves eating a variety of foods that provide the body with the nutrients it needs to function properly. The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is a set of guidelines issued by the government. It provides information on the right amount of each nutrient that should be consumed daily to meet the needs of 97% to 98% of the population.
For the NHS guide to maintaining a healthy weight:
However, the RDA is just a general guideline and the nutrient needs of each individual may vary based on factors such as age, gender, and level of physical activity.
The government introduced a traffic light system, which tells us whether a food has a high, medium or low amount of fat, saturated fat, sugars and salt. For example: