A balanced diet is an important part of maintaining overall health and well-being. It involves consuming a variety of nutrients in the right amounts to support the body’s needs.
All living organisms need nutrients to stay alive and healthy. There are many different types of nutrients, but they all fall into seven main categories:
Although fibre cannot be absorbed by the body, it is an important part of a healthy diet. Fibre passes through the digestive system largely intact, providing bulk and helping to move waste through the intestines.
Fibre is found in plant-based foods like fruits, vegetables, grains and legumes.
A balanced diet is essential for optimal health and involves eating a variety of foods that provide the body with the nutrients it needs to function properly.
The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is a set of guidelines issued by the government. It provides information on the right amount of each nutrient that should be consumed daily to meet the needs of 97% to 98% of the population.
According to the NHS guide for maintaining a healthy weight:
However, keep in mind that the RDA is a general guideline; individual nutrient needs can vary based on factors like age, gender and physical activity level.
The government has introduced a ‘traffic light system’ to indicate whether a food item has high, medium,or low levels of fat, saturated fat, sugars, and salt. For example: